[[en]]The energy data in India is fragmented and scattered across multiple departments/ministries. The energy ministries have developed maps about the sectors that they are engaged in for their own consumption such as the National Power Portal (CEA), Online Coal Block Information System (CMPDIL), India Online Exploration Database (DGH), etc. These maps are extensive in the area they cover but they are unable to provide a holistic picture of the entire energy sector. Mostly, the available maps are static (i.e. in PDF or JPG formats) as a result of which they are unable to show the associated features of the topography where critical energy attributes may be located.
[[en]]Keeping the above perspective in mind, the NITI Aayog collaborated with Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on June 07, 2017 to develop a comprehensive GIS-based Energy Map of India. The process of developing GIS maps started with a meeting with Ministry of Coal, Ministry of Power, Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, and Department of Atomic Energy. During the discussions, these ministries were requested to appoint nodal officers to provide relevant information and data coordinates. The GIS map in current form represents a holistic picture of all energy resources. The web-based geospatial energy map of India includes visualisation of spatial and non-spatial data on renewable and non-renewable power plants, oil and gas downstream sector, renewable energy potential, fossil fuel resources, and other energy assets in India.
[[en]]The GIS-based energy map of India may be useful for geospatial planning of resource. The planning may include infrastructure planning for upcoming solar parks, coal blocks, crude oil and natural gas pipelines, investment guidance for financial institutions, disaster management of possible energy disruption and emergency response, safety of energy assets due to harsh climatic conditions. This may also help in resource and environmental conservation measures, inter-state coordination on infrastructure planning including different corridors of energy and road transport highway.
[[en]]India has opened up various aspects of energy exploitation (generation/ conversion/ transmission/ consumption) to private sector. Energy markets have immense potential to bring in efficiency gains. Therefore, GIS-based mapping of energy assets will be advantageous to all concerned stakeholders and will help in accelerating the policy-making process.